Marcel Breuer was born in Pecs, Hungary in 1902. He studied at Allami Foreaiskola, at Pecs, and at the Bauhaus in Weimar where he graduated in 1924. He taught at the Bauhaus in Dessau until 1928 and practiced in Berlin for three years afterwards. He emigrated to the United States where he worked as an associate professor at Harvard and maintained a working arrangement with Walter Gropius. This prestigious work carried his practice into the international field. Breuer’s buildings were always distinguished by an attention to detail and a clarity of expression. Considered one of the last true functionalist architects, Breuer helped shift the bias of the Bauhaus from “Arts & Crafts” to “Arts & Technology”. Many pieces of modern, tubular steel furniture in use today, including the Cesca and Wassily chairs by Breuer himself and still in production, can trace their origins back to the Breuer experiments of the mid-20’s.
- Angular and Straight but evolved into Organic lines.
- Visible Structure.
- Bent Steel and Aluminum.
- Cantilevered Construction.
- Inspired by shape of Bicycle.
Breuer’s Wassily Chair was designed while he was a student that the Bauhaus but was later produced by Herman Miller and Knoll International. It is made of continuous tubular steel with canvas slings. The adaptation is made from flat steel with fabric seating. The linear adaptation received most of its influence from Breuer’s chairs frame’s shape. The structural components are completely visible in both.